A port-wine stain is a birthmark caused by a kind of malformation of the skin’s small blood vessels. It is a rare condition, occurring on 0.3% of newborns.
Spots and Rashes Caused by Viruses – Exanthem
Sudden appearances of spots, blisters or continuous rashes are often due to viruses. Often – but not always – the child also has other symptoms, such as fever.
Stork Bite (Angel Kisses or Salmon Patches)
Stork bites and angel kisses are a common type of birthmark seen in newborns. These salmon-colored patches are temporary and benign. They usually appear more clearly when the child gets upset or screams.
Tinea Corporis (Ringworm)
Tinea corporis is a fungal skin infection also known as ringworm of the body. The most common cause of ringworm is infection from person to person. The disease can also be transmitted from pets to humans, and then on to other people.
Gianotti–Crosti Syndrome (Acrodermatitis)
Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is a skin condition that primarily affects children aged 6 months to 12 years. It is also known as “papular acrodermatitis of childhood” and “papulovesicular acrolated syndrome.”
Head Lice Infestation
If a child has an itch in the scalp, it can be a sign for possible infection with head lice. A lice infestation produces a small red rash that can sometimes be mistaken for eczema.
Cradle Cap (Seborrheic dermatitis)
Cradle cap is the thick, yellow-brownish spots that often appear on the scalp in babies. It is sometimes known as milk crust, because the affected skin can feel crusty, and comes off in small, dandruff-like flakes.
Diaper rash (Diaper Dermatitis)
Diaper rashes are bright red, irritated spots on a baby’s buttocks. They are common in babies (4-15 months old). Babies have very delicate skin, and sometimes despite a parent’s best effort, diaper rash still occurs.
Urticaria, or hives, are itchy bumps on the skin that may occur within minutes of a triggering event.
Impetigo (School Sores)
Impetigo a contagious infection of the skin is most common among children and those who have eczema.
A mongolian spot is a birthmark that looks a lot like a bruising of the skin. Does your child have mongolian spots?
Milia – Baby Acne
A milium cyst, also known as milia when clustered, is a white bump around the nose and cheeks. Skin damage from burns, lasers and sun exposure are common causes.