Dermatology (skin diseases) is well suited using Artificial Intelligence (AI)

by | Jan 16, 2018 | Artificial Intelligence (AI), Blog, News

Artificial Intelligence (AI) CNN results

Artificial Intelligence (AI) CNN preliminary results – show a skin lesion and what the CNN is focusing on

Artificial Intelligence (AI) studies in radiology for both mammography[1] and pulmonary CT scans[2] demonstrated that radiologists’ performance, especially specificity, increased with the use of an interface desktop AI tool to interpret the images.

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Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) limitations

The limitations for a good working Artificial Intelligence (AI) model using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model are the quality of images per classification together with a limited data set per classification. The Thrun laboratory at Stanford USA that published a letter in Nature, used a dataset of 129,450 clinical images (clinical images were high resolution in focus images, many times taken by a professional medical photographer) consisting of 2,032 different diseases[3]. It was tested on two classes: keratinocyte carcinomas versus benign seborrheic keratoses; and malignant melanomas versus benign nevi. The CNN was on par at diagnosing correctly compared to 21 dermatologists on the two classes.

First Derm – automated dermatology answers

First Derm has over the years built a database of many 100s of thousands anonymous smartphone images. The database includes images of various quality of about 250 different skin conditions. During 2017 we applied the image set to a CNN with the goal to identify skin lesions from skin concerns taken with a smartphone.

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Preliminary results

Version 1.0 of our web interface is trained on 33 skin disease classes (inflammatory, moles and STDs). The accuracy is 40% on one skin disease and 80% for top 5 skin diseases. We are continuously experimenting to make it better. Within 9 months the goal is to be 80% accurate on one skin disease and 100% on top 3 skin diseases.

We have an open API that can integrate into any internet platform and apps. We signed a virtual primary tele-health clinic that uses it as a tool for their non-dermatologists as a decision support on skin diseases.

Skin Image Search Molluscum contagiosum on arm ©First Derm

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Here are some more examples you can read about

ICD 10 L70.0 ICD 10 L70.0 Acne help with artificial intelligence (AI)
ICD 10 L30.9 Dermatitis (eczema)
ICD 10 L73.9 Folliculitis (hair root inflammation)
ICD 10 D22.0 Nevus (mole)
ICD 10 L82.9 Seborrheic keratosis (senile mole)
ICD 10 A63.0 Human papillomavirus – HPV (genital warts)
ICD 10 N48.1 Balanitis (male genital eczema)

References

[1] Intelligent CAD workstation for breast imaging using similarity to known lesions and multiple visual prompt aids. Giger M et al. Proc. SPIE 4684, Medical Imaging 2002.
[2] Machine Learning and Radiology. Wang S, Summers RM. Medical Image Analysis. 2012;16(5):933-951.
[3] Dermatologist-level classification of skin cancer with deep neural networks. Esteva A, Kuprel B et al  Nature 017/02/02/print

 

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